Zoo Licensing Act 1981 applies to any establishment, other than a Circus or Pet Shop, where wild animals are kept for public exhibition on more than seven days in any consecutive twelve months.
Licences are granted initially for four years and thereafter are normally renewable every six years.
The Secretary of State for the Environment has specified standards of modern zoo practice to which local authorities must have regard. Visit GOV.UK for more about zoo licensing. Inspections of zoos are required under the Act and local authorities carry them out with two inspectors nominated by the Secretary of State and up to three appointed by the Local Authority, at least one of whom will be a Veterinary Surgeon or Practitioner.