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UK-wide, national and regional referendums The Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000 (PPERA) establishes a fixed legal framework for the conduct of any referendum held across the UK, or a referendum held in Scotland, Wales, England or Northern Ireland. It also applies to regional referendums within England. No referendums have yet been held under this legislation. However, a recent Act of Parliament has enabled the holding of referendums on regional assemblies in England.

The 2016 EU Referendum

A referendum was held on 23 June 2016. The referendum sought the UK public's views on whether the country should leave or remain in the EU.

Results were as follows:

Referendum Results
The total number of ballot papers counted was49,518
The number of votes cast in favour of Leave was36,423
The number of votes cast in favour of Remain was13,074
The number of ballot papers rejected was as follows: 
aNo official mark0
bVoting for both answers to the question asked8
cWriting or mark by which the voter could be identified0
dUnmarked or void for uncertainty13
Total rejected 21

Mayoral referendums

The Local Government Act 2000 sets out a major change in the way local authorities in England and Wales are run.

Most local authorities, except some of the smaller district councils in the area of a county council, operate "executive arrangements". There are three types of executive arrangement set out in the Act, two of which involve a directly elected mayor: mayor and cabinet, and mayor and council manager. The other involves a leader (who is elected by councillors) and cabinet. This latter executive arrangement is that which is used by South Holland.

Local authorities consult on which arrangements local people want. If there is a proposal to have a mayor, the local authority must hold a binding referendum. Many councils in England have already conducted consultations with local people on this issue. Local residents can also require a mayoral referendum by organising a petition signed by 5 percent of local electors or more.

Other referendums

Referendums are now regularly used by local councils to test public opinion on local issues. These referendums are not regulated by law and we have no responsibility for the conduct or other aspects of such referendums.